Mycorrhiza Research
Dr. Ingrid Kottke

Hyphae of mycorrhizal fungus, stained by methyl blue, in the cortical cells of an epiphytic orchid root
New structures and morphotyping of arbuscular mycorrhiza of trees Hartig Net Institute of Special Botany and Mycology


Mycorrhizas in tropical forests

General articles


Kottke I, Kovács GM (2013) Mycorrhizae – Rhizosphere determinants of plant communities: What do we learn from the tropics? In: A. Eshel and T.Beeckman (eds) Plant Roots the Hidden Half. 4th ed CRC Press, Boca Raton, London, New York, pp. 40-1 – 40-11


Kottke I, Setaro S, Haug I, Herrera P, Cruz D, Fries A, Gawlik J, Homeier J, Werner FA, Gerique A, Suárez JP (2013) Mycorrhiza networks promote biodiversity and stabilize the tropical mountain rain forest ecosystem: Perspectives for understanding complex communities. In: Bendix J et al. (eds.), Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Environmental Change in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of South Ecuador, Ecological Studies 221, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-38137-9_14, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 187-203

82 Kottke I, Haug I, Setaro S, Suárez JP, Weiß M, Preußing M, Nebel M, Oberwinkler F (2008) Guilds of mycorrhizal fungi and their relation to trees, ericads, orchids and liverworts in a neotropical mountain rain forest. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 13-23
81 Kottke I, Beck A, Haug I, Setaro S, Jeske V, Suárez JP, Pazmiño L, Preußing M, Nebel M, Oberwinkler F (2008)  Mycorrhizal state and new and special features of mycorrhizae of trees, ericads, orchids, ferns and liverworts. In: Beck E, Bendix J, Kottke I, Makeschin F, Mosandl R (eds.) Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador. Series Ecological Studies 198, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp.137-148
80 Beck E, Kottke I (2008) Facing a hotspot of biodiversity. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 1-3
79 Kottke I, Beck A, Haug I, Setaro S, Suárez JP (2008) Mycorrhizal fungi and plant diversity in tropical mountain rain forest of southern  Ecuador. In: Gradstein SR, Homeier J, Gansert D (eds) The Tropical  Mountain Forest: Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot.  Biodiversity and Ecology Series vol. 2, Universitätsverlag Göttingen,  pp 67-7

Arbuscular mycorrhizas

87 Wubet T, Kottke I, Teketay D, Oberwinkler F (2009): Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community structures differ between co-occurring  tree species of dry Afromontane tropical forest, and their seedlings  exhibit potential to trap isolates suited for reforestation. Mycological Progress 8: 317-328
86 Haug I, Wubet T, Weiß M, Aguirre N, Weber M, Günter S, Kottke I (2010) Species-rich but distinct arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in reforestation plots on degraded pastures and in neighboring pristine tropical mountain rain forest. J Trop Ecol 51: 125-148.
85 Urgiles N, Loján P, Aguirre N, Blaschke H, Günter S, Stimm B, Kottke I (2009) Application of mycorrhizal roots improves growth of tropical tree seedlings in the nursery: a step towards reforestation with native species in the Andes of Ecuador. New Forests 38 (3): 229. DOI 10.1007/s11056-009-9143-x.
73 Beck A, Haug I, Oberwinkler F, Kottke I (2007) Structural characterisation and molecular identification of arbuscular mycorrhiza morphotypes of Alzatea verticillata (Alzateaceae) a prominent tree in the tropical mountain rain forest of South Ecuador. Mycorrhiza 17:607-625
72 Wubet T, Weiß M, Kottke I, Oberwinker F (2006) Two threatened coexisting indigenous conifer species in the dry Afromontane forests of Ethiopia are associated with distinct arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Canadian Journal of Botany 84: 1617-1627
71 Wubet T, Weiß M, Kottke I, Teketay D, Oberwinker F (2006) Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear small subunit rDNA sequences suggests that the endangered African Pencil Cedar, Juniperus procera, is associated with distinct members of Glomeraceae. Mycological Research 110: 1059-1069
67 Beck A, Kottke I, Oberwinkler F (2005) Two members of the Glomeromycota form distinct ectendomycorhizas with Alzatea verticillata, a prominent tree in the mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador . Mycological Progress 4: 11-22
63 Kottke I, Beck A, Oberwinkler F, Homeier J, Neill D (2004) Arbuscular endomycorrhizas are dominant in the organic soil of a neotropical montane cloud forest. Journal Tropical Ecology  20: 125-129
62 Kottke I, Haug I (2004) The significance of mycorrhizal diversity of trees in the tropical mountain forest of southern Ecuador . Lyonia 7: 50-56,
57 Wubet, T., Weiß, M., Kottke, I., Teketay, D., and Oberwinkler, F. (2003). Molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Prunus africana, an endangered medicinal tree species in dry Afromontane forests of Ethiopia . New Phytologist 161: 517-528
56 Wubet T, Kottke I, Teketay D, Oberwinkler F (2003) Mycorrhizal status of indigenous trees in dry Afromontane forests of Ethiopia . Forest Ecology and Management 179: 387-399


65 Haug I, Weiß M, Homeier J, Oberwinkler F, Kottke I (2005) Russulaceae and Thelephoraceae form ectomycorrhizas with members of the Nyctaginaceae (Caryophyllales) in the tropical mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador . New Phytologist 165: 923-936
61 Haug I, Lempe J, Homeier J , Weiß M, Setaro S, Oberwinkler F, Kottke I (2004) Graffenrieda emarginata (Melastomataceae) forms mycorrhizas with Glomeromycota and with a member of Hymenoscyphus ericae aggr. in the organic soil of a neotropical mountain rain forest. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 340-356

Mycorrhizas of Andean Ericads and Andean Orchids

94 Suárez JP, Kottke I 2016. Main fungal partners and different levels of specificity of orchid mycorrhizae in the tropical mountain forests of Ecuador. Lankestriana 16:299-302
92 Cruz D, Suárez JP, Kottke I, Piepenbring M 2014. Cryptic species revealed by molecular phylogenetic analysis of sequences obtained from basidiomata of Tulasnella. Mycologia 106:708-722
91 Setaro S, Suarez JP, Herrera P, Cruz D, Kottke I (2013) Distinct but closely related Sebacinales from mycorrhizae with co- existing Ericaceae and Orchidaceae in a neotropical mountain area. in: Varma A, Kost G, Oelmüller R (eds.) Sebacinales. Forms, Functions and Biotechnological Application. Springer, pp 81-105
88 Kottke, I., Suárez, J. P., Herrera, P. Cruz, D., Bauer, R. Haug, I. and Garnica, S. (2009): Atractiellomycetes belonging to the 'rust' lineage (Pucciniomycotina) form mycorrhizae with terrestrial and epiphytic neotropical orchids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.1884. pdf file (1,0 MB)
84 Kottke I, Suárez JP (2009) Mutualistic, root-inhabiting fungi of orchids – identification and functional types. In: AM Pridgeon and JP Suárez (eds) Proceedings of the Second Scientific Conference on Andean Orchids. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador, pp 84-99, ISBN 978-9942-00-502-1. pdf file (1,7 MB)
83 Suárez JP, Weiß M, Abele A, Oberwinkler F, Kottke I (2009) Epiphytic orchids in a mountain rain forest in southern Ecuador harbor groups of mycorrhiza-forming Tulasnellales and Sebacinales subgroup B (Basidiomycota). In: Pridgeon AM, Súarez PJ (eds) Proceedings of the Second Conference on Andean Orchids, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja , pp. 184-196, ISBN 978 9942 00 502 1
70 Setaro, S., Oberwinkler, F. & Kottke, I. (2006) Anatomy and ultrastructure of mycorrhizal associations of neotropical Ericaceae. Mycological Progress 5: 243-254
69 Setaro, S., Weiß, M., Oberwinkler, F. & Kottke, I. (2006) Sebacinales form ectendomycorrhizas with Cavendishia nobilis, a member of the Andean clade of Ericaceae, in the mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador . New Phytologist, 169: 355-365
74 Suárez JP, Weiß M, Abele A, Oberwinkler F, Kottke I (2008) Members of Sebacinales subgroup B form mycorrhizae with epiphytic orchids in a neotropical mountain rain forest. Mycological Progress 7: 75-85
68 Suárez JP, Weiß M, Abele A, Garnica S, Oberwinkler F, Kottke I (2006) Diverse tulasnelloid fungi form mycorrhizas with epiphytic orchids in an Andean cloud forest. Mycological Research 110: 1257-1270

Mycorrhizas in temperate forests


Structure of ectomycorrhizas

93 Balestrini R, Kottke I (2016) Structure and development of ectomycorrhizal roots. In: Martin FM (ed.) Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, John Wiley & Sons, INc, Hoboken, New Jersey, pp 47-61
60 Kottke I (2004) The surface of ectomycorrhizal roots and the interaction with ectomycorrhizal fungi. In: Varma A, Abbott L, Werner D, Hampp R (eds.) Plant surface microbiology. Springer Berlin,  pp. 211-226
37 Kottke I (1997) Fungal adhesion pad formation and penetration of root cuticle in early stage Picea abies-Laccaria amethystea mycorrhizas. Protoplasma 196: 55-64
35 Kottke, I, Münzenberger, B, Oberwinkler, F (1996) Structural approach to function in ectomycorrhizas. in: Trees - Contribution to modern tree physiology. Herausg.: H. Rennenberg, W. Eschrich, H. Ziegler. SPB Academic Publ. The Hague, pp 3-22 
29 Turnau K, Kottke, I, Dexheimer, J (1994) Paxillus involutus/Pinus sylvestris mycorrhizae from heavily polluted forest. II. Ultrastructure and cytochemical observations. Acta Botanica 107: 73-80
22 Münzenberger, B., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1992) Ultrastructural investigations of Arbutus unedo-Laccaria amethystea mycorrhizas sythesized in vitro. Trees 7: 40-47
19 Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1990) Amplification of root-fungus-interface by Hartig net architecture. in: Dreyer, E. et al. (eds.) Forest Tree Physiology, Int. Symp. Nancy 1988, Ann. Sci. For. 46 suppl.:737s-740s
18 Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1990) Comparative investigations on the differentiation of the endodermis and the development of the Hartig net in mycorrhizae of Picea abies and Larix decidua. Trees 4: 41-48
17 Berndt, R., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler,F. (1990) Ascomycete mycorrhizas from pot-grown silver-fir seedlings (Abies alba Mill.). New Phytologist 115: 471-482
13 Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1988) Comparative studies on the mycorrhization of Larix decidua and Picea abies by Suillus grevillei. Trees 2: 115-128
11 Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1987) Cellular structure and function of the Hartig net: coenocytic and transfer cell-like organization. Nordic Journal of Botany 7, 85-95
10 Kottke, I. , Guttenberger, R., Hampp, R., Oberwinkler, F. (1987) An in vitro method for establishing mycorrhizae on coniferous tree seedlings. Trees 1: 191-194
6 Kottke, I, Oberwinkler, F. (1986) Mycorrhiza of forest trees - structure and function. Trees 1: 1-24
5 Blasius, D., Feil, W., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1986) Hartig net structure and formation in fully ensheathed ectomycorrhizas. Nordic Journal of Botany. 6: 837-842
4 Haug, I., Kottke, I., Oberwinkler, F. (1986) Licht- und elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchung von Mykorrhizen der Fichte (Picea abies L. (Karst.) in Vertikalprofilen. Zeitschrift für. Mykoogie. 52: 373-392.
3 Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1986) Root-fungus interactions observed on initial stages of mantle formation and Hartig net establishment in mycorrhizas of Amanita muscaria (L. ex Fr.) Hooker on Picea abies (L.) Karst. in pure culture. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 2348-2354
2 Kottke, I. (1986) Charakterisierung und Identifizierung von Mykorrhizen. I. Vergleich künstlich gezogener Mykorrhizen mit Formen vom Naturstandort. II. Zur Identität der "safrangelben" Mykorrhiza. In: Das landschaftsökologische Forschungsprojekt Naturpark Schönbuch, G. Einsele, ed., DFG, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim pp 463-485

Ecology of ectomycorrhizas

44 Kottke I, Qian XM, Pritsch K, Haug I, Oberwinkler F (1998) Xerocomus badius - Picea abies an ectomycorrhiza of high activity and element storage capacity in acidic soil. Mycorrhiza 7: 267-275
43 Bücking H, Beckmann S, Heyser W, Kottke I (1998) Elemental contents in vacuolar granules of ectomycorrhizal fungi measured by EELS and EDXS. A comparison of different methods and preparation techniques. Micron 29: 53-61
42 Qian, X.M. Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F (1998a) Activity of different ectomycorrhizal types studied by vital fluorescence. Plant and Soil 199: 91-98
41 Qian, X.-M., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1998b) Influence of liming and acidification on the activity of mycorrhizal communities in a Picea abies ((L.) Karst.) stand. Plant and Soil 199: 99-109
40 Qian, X.-M., El-Ashker, A., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1998) Studies of pathogenic and antagonistic microfungal populations and their potential interactions in the mycorrhizoplane of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) on acidified and limed plots. Plant and Soil 199: 111-116
34 Kottke, I, Leontovycova, J (1996) Entwicklung von Mykorrhizen in Abhängigkeit von der Nährelement- und Wasser- und Sauerstoffverfügbarkeit in unterschiedlich aggregierten Böden sowie Lokalisation der Kationenaufnahme. FZKA-PEF 146: 99-153, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe
32 Kottke I, Wöllmer H (1995) Beobachtungen zur Mykorrhiza- und Feinstwurzeldynamik sowie zur Aktivität von Bodentieren am Standort Schöllkopf unter Einsatz der Rhizoskopie. in: Bittlingmaier L, Reinhardt W, Siefermann-Harms D (eds.) Waldschäden im Schwarzwald. Ecomed Verlagsges., 141-148
25 Kottke, I. , Weber, R., Ritter, T., Oberwinkler, F. (1993) Vitality of mycorrhizas and health status of trees on diverse forest stands in West Germany . in: Hüttl, R.F., Mueller-Dombois, D. (eds.) Forest Decline in the Atlantic and Pacific Region. Springer Verlag, Berlin , Heidelberg , New York , pp. 189-201
14 Ritter, T., Weber, G. Kottke, I., Oberwinkler, F. (1989) Zur Mykorrhizaentwicklung von Fichten und Tannen in geschädigten Beständen. Biologie in unserer Zeit 19: 9- 15
12 Feil, W., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1988) The effect of drought on mycorrhizal growth and very fine root systems of Picea abies (L.) Karst. under natural and experimental conditions. Plant and Soil 108: 221-231
9 Ritter, T., Kottke, I. & Oberwinkler (1986) Nachweis der Vitalität von Mykorrhizen durch FDA-Vitalfluorochromierung. Biologie in unserer Zeit 16: 179-185
8 Kottke, I. (1986) Wurzelentwicklung und Wachstum der Fichte (Picea abies (L.) Karst. auf unterschiedlichen Böden und künstlichen Substraten. In: Das landschaftsökologische Forschungsprojekt Naturpark Schönbuch, G. Einsele, ed., DFG, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim, p. 443-462
7 Kottke, I., Rapp, Ch., Oberwinkler, F. (1986) Zur Anatomie gesunder und "kranker" Feinstwurzeln von Fichten: Meristem und Differenzierungen in Wurzelspitzen und Mykorrhizen. European Journal of Forest Pathology 16: 159-171
1 Kottke I, Agerer R (1983) Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung der Mykorrhiza in älteren Laub- und Nadelwaldbeständen des Südwestdeutschen Keuperberglandes. Mitteilungen des Vereins Forstliche Standortskunde Forstpflanzenzüchtung. 30: 30-39

Element deposition and function in ectomycorrhizas

66 Turnau K, Kottke I (2005) Fungal activity as determined by micro-scale methods with special emphasis on interactions with heavy metals. In: Dighton J ed. The Fungal Community. N. York , USA ; Marcel Decker, pp. 287-305
59 Liu D, Kottke I (2004). Subcellular localization of copper in the root cells of Allium sativum by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Bioresource Technology 94: 153-158.
55 Liu D, Kottke I (2003). Subcellular loacalization of chromium and nickel in root cells of Allium cepa by EELS and ESI. Cell Biology and Toxicology 19: 299-311.
54 Liu DH, Kottke I (2003). Subcellular localization of Cd in the root cells of Allium sativum by electron energy loss spectroscopy. Journal Bioscience 28: 471-478.
47 Turnau K, Berger A, Loewe A, Einig W, Hampp R, Chalot M, Dizengremel P, Kottke I (2001) CO2 concentration and nitrogen input affect the C and N storage pools in Amanita muscaria-Picea abies mycorrhizae. Tree Physiology 21: 93-99
39 Beckmann S, Haug I, Kottke I, Oberwinkler F (1998) Stickstoffdeposition in den Mykorrhizen der Fichte. in: Raspe S, Feger KH, Zöttl HW (Hrsg.) Ökosystemforschung im Schwarzwald. Auswirkungen von atmogenen Einträgen und Restabilisierungsmaßnahmen auf den Wasser- und Stoffhaushalt von Fichtenwäldern. Verbundprojekt ARINUS. Ecomed Verlagsges., Landsberg, S. 325-335
36 Salzer P, Münzenberger B, Schwacke R, Kottke I, Hager A (1997) Signalling in ectomycorrhizal fungus-root interactions. In: Trees - Contribution to modern tree physiology, ed. by Rennenberg H, Eschrich W, Ziegler H. SPB Academic Publ., The Hague , pp 339-356
33 Turnau K, Kottke I, Dexheimer J (1996) Toxic element filtering in Rhizopogon roseolus/Pinus sylvestris mycorrhizas collected from calamine dumps. Mycological Research 100: 6-22
31 Kottke I, Holopainen T, Alanen E, Turnau K (1995) Deposition of nitrogen in vacuolar bodies of Cenococcum geophilum Fr. mycorrhizas as detected by electron energy loss spectroscopy. New Phytologist 129: 411-416
30 Kottke I, Pargney JC, Qian XM, Le Disquet I (1995) Passage and deposition of solutes in the hyphal sheath of ectomycorrhizas - the soil-root interface. in: Sandermann H, Bonnet-Masimbert M (eds.) EUROSILVA - Contribution to tree physiology, INRA, Paris, pp 255-271
28 Kottke, I. , Martin, F. (1994) Demonstration of aluminium in polyphosphate of Laccaria amethystea (Bolt. ex Hooker) Murr. by means of electron energy loss spectroscopy. Journal of Microscopy 174: 225-232
27 Martin F., Rubini P., Côte, R. and I. Kottke (1994) Aluminium polyphosphate complexes in the mycorrhizal basidiomycete Laccaria bicolor: a 27Al NMR study. Planta 194: 241-246
26 Turnau K, Kottke I, Dexheimer J, Botton B (1994) Element distribution in mycelium of Pisolithus arrhizus treated with cadmium dust. Annals Botany 74: 137-142
24 Turnau, K., Kottke, I. Oberwinkler, F. (1993) Element localization in mycorrhizal roots of Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn collected from experimental plots treated with cadmium dust. New Phytologist 123: 313-324
23 Turnau, K., Kottke, I. Oberwinkler, F. (1993) Paxillus involutus-Pinus sylvestris mycorrhizae from heavily polluted forest. I. Element localization using electron energy loss spectroscopy and imaging. Acta Botanica 106: 213-219
20 Kottke, I. (1991) Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy and Imaging techniques for subcellular localization of elements in mycorrhiza. in: Norris, J.R., Read, D.J., Varma, A.K. (eds.) Methods in Microbiology, Vol. 23, Techniques for the study of mycorrhiza, pp. 369-382, Academic Press, London, New York
15 Münzenberger, B., Heilemann, J., Strack, D., Kottke, I. , Oberwinkler, F. (1990) Phenolics of mycorrhizas and non-mycorrhizal roots of Norway spruce. Planta 182: 142-148

Ectomycorrhizas for sustainable forestry

46 Hönig K, Riefler M, Kottke I (2000) Molecular survey of different isolates of Paxillus involutus (Batsch) FR. used as inoculum of beech and oak in a nursery. Mycorrhiza 9: 315-322
38 Kottke I, Hönig K (1998) Improvement of maintenance and autochthones mycorrhization of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and oak (Quercus robur L.) plantlets by premycorrhization with Paxillus involutus (Batsch) Fr. in: Misra A (ed) Problems of Wasteland Development and Role of Microbes. AMIFM Publications, Bhubaneswar, pp. 187-218
21 Herrmann, S., Ritter, T., Kottke, I., Oberwinkler, F. (1992) Steigerung der Leistungsfähigkeit von Forstpflanzen (Fagus silvatica L. und Quercus robur L.) durch kontrollierte Mykorrhizierung. Allgemeine. Forst- u. Jagd-Zeitung 163: 72-79

Arbuscular mycorrhizas

53 Wubet T, Weiß M, Kottke I, Oberwinkler F (2003) Morphology and molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in wild and cultivated yew (Taxus baccata). Canadian Journal of Botany 81: 255-266

Mycorrhizas of ferns and liverworts

64 Kottke I, Nebel M (2005) The evolution of mycorrhizal-like associations in liverworts: an update. New Phytologist 167: 330-334
58 Nebel M, Kreier HP, Preußing M, Weiß M, Kottke (2004) Symbiotic fungal associations of liverworts are the possible ancestors of mycorrhizae. In Agerer R, Piepenbring M, Blanz P (eds.) Frontiers in Basidiomycote Mycology, IHW-Verlag, Eching, pp 339-360
52 Kovacs GM, Kottke I, Oberwinkler F (2003) Light and electron microscopic studies on the mycorrhizae of sporophytes of Botrychium virginianum - arbuscular structures resembling fossil forms. Plant Biology 5: 574-580
51 Kottke I, Beiter A, Weiss M, Haug I, Oberwinkler F, Nebel M (2003) Heterobasidiomycetes from symbiotic associations with hepatics: Jungermanniales have sebacinoid mycobionts while Aneura pinguis (Metzgeriales) is associated with a Tulasnella species. Mycological Research 107: 957-968.

Reviews and popular articles

50 Nörr R, Kottke I, Blaschke M (2003) Das unterirdische Geheimnis von Steinpilz und Trüffel Mykorrhiza im Waldbau. LWFaktuell, Magazin für Wald, Wissenschaft und Praxis 41: 26-28
49 Kottke I (2003) Mykorrhiza: Pilz-Wurzel-Symbiosen - Überlebensstrategien in artenreichen Pflanzengesellschaften und auf Pionierstandorten. Praxis Naturwissenschaften, Biologie in der Schule 52: 17-20
48 Kottke I (2002) Mycorrhizae - Rhizosphere determinants of plant communities. In: Waisel Y, Eshel A, Kafkafi U (eds.) Plant Roots: The Hidden Half. 3rd ed. Marcel Dekker, Inc., p. 919-932
45 Kottke I (1999) Das Einmaleins des Miteinander- Pilz-Wurzel-Symbiosen. In: Der Schönbuch. Mensch und Wald in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Hrsg. Gamer-Wallert I, Lorenz S. ATTEMPTO Verlag, S. 142-152
16 Kottke, I. (1990) Reaction and interaction of mycorrhizae and rhizosphere. Lectures Vol. 1, p.405-414, Intern. Congr. Forest Decline, Friedrichshafen 1989, Kernforschungs­zentrum Karlsruhe, ISBN 3-923704-05-4

Ingrid Kottke is a corresponding author of a Special Feature of Basic and Applied Ecology (BAAE)

78 Beck E, Kottke I (2008) Facing a hotspot of biodiversity. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 1-3
77 Noeske NM, Hilt N, Werner FA, Brehm G, Fiedler K, Sipman, HJ, Gradstein SR (2008) Disturbance effects on diversity of epiphytes and moths in a montane forest in Ecuador . Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 4-12
76 Kottke I, Haug I, Setaro S, Suárez JP, Weiß M, Preußing M, Nebel M, Oberwinkler F (2008) Guilds of mycorrhizal fungi and their relation to trees, ericads, orchids and liverworts in a neotropical mountain rain forest. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 13-23
75 Wolff, D, Meve, U, & Liede-Schumann, S (2008) Pollination ecology of Ecuadorian Asclepiadoideae Apocynaceae): How generalized are morphologically specialized flowers? Basic and Applied Ecology 9 24-34


e-book: "Mykorrhiza – Pilz-Wurzel-Symbiosen" (2016, WikiBooks)
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